The Dangers of Fetal Growth Restriction


What is Fetal Growth Restriction (FGR) & What Are The Causes?

  • Intrauterine growth restriction is defined as a decrease in foetal growth from the established norm. This might include a decrease in head circumference, weight or other measures. The problem is usually detected by measuring body length and head circumference of the fetus during the second trimester of pregnancy. Intrauterine growth restriction typically occurs when an individual's weight gain falls below what is considered normal for their height. If this happens every month, it can be seen as "normal" even though it may be outside of healthy range for that particular individual.The most common cause of IUGR is maternal diabetes and an increased risk of fetal growth restriction exists with maternal diabetes, preeclampsia, renal disease and other chronic diseases such as hepatitis. Another cause is placental insufficiency.

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