Understanding Oligohydramnios


Understanding Oligohydramnios: Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment Options

What is Oligohydramnios?

Oligohydramnios is a medical condition where the amniotic fluid surrounding the fetus in the uterus is lower than normal. It can occur at any stage of pregnancy and can have serious consequences for both mother and baby. Diagnosis of oligohydramnios typically involves an ultrasound scan to measure the amount of amniotic fluid present.

The definition of oligohydramnios according to medical experts is an amniotic fluid index (AFI) less than 5 cm or an absolute value less than 500 mL. Oligohydramnios can lead to complications such as placental abruption, preterm labor, and intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR).

Treatment usually involves providing additional fluids to the mother, either through intravenous infusion or intramuscular injection, to increase the amount of amniotic fluid present. In some cases, delivery may be necessary if there are risks to either mother or baby. Treatment also involves bed rest, hydration, and medications to increase amniotic fluid levels.

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